Nebuchadnezzar II

Nebuchadnezzar II
(reigned ca. 604-562 b.c.)
   A prominent Babylonian king and the son of Nabopolassar, founder of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Nebuchadnezzar (or Nabu-kudurru-usur or Nebuchadrezzar) defeated the Egyptians at carchemish in northern Syria and extended Babylonian control over Syria and Palestine. He also besieged the Hebrew city of Jerusalem twice. After the second and successful siege in 586 b.c., he burned the great temple and deported the leading Hebrews to Babylonia during the so-called Babylonian captivity. Nebuchadnezzar also campaigned against the Elamites. Eventually he was able to sit back and collect huge revenues in taxes and tribute from his far-flung empire. He spent much of the money improving and beautifying Babylon, including building new defensive walls and a moat, erecting a bridge over the Euphrates, constructing new palaces, enlarging the temple of Marduk, and beginning a large, new ziggurat. Nebuchadnezzar married a Median princess, Amytis, and according to some ancient sources built for her the magnificent Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Frequent references to him in the Old Testament, especially in the book of Daniel, which describes his sacking of Jerusalem, have made him one of the most famous of all the ancient Mesopotamian kings.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • Nebuchadnezzar II — Nebuchadnezzar redirects here. For other uses, see Nebuchadnezzar (disambiguation). An engraving on an eye stone of onyx with an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II[1] Nebuchadnezzar II ( …   Wikipedia

  • NEBUCHADNEZZAR — (Nebuchadrezzar; Heb. נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר ,נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר; Akk. Nabû kudurri uṣur, O, Nabû, guard my border! ), son of Nabopolassar the Chaldean, ruler of Babylon (605–562 B.C.E.). Nebuchadnezzar succeeded to his father s throne at the time when… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nebuchadnezzar — (or Nebuchadrezzar) was the name of several kings of Babylonia.* Nebuchadnezzar I * Nebuchadnezzar II, the best known of these kings (the one mentioned in the biblical Book of Daniel), who conquered Aram and Judah * Nebuchadnezzar III (Niditu… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebuchadnezzar I — (Akkadian: Nabu kudurri usur meaning Nabu, protect my eldest son or Nabu, protect the border ) was the king of the Babylonian Empire from about 1125 BC to 1103 BC. He is considered to be the greatest king of the Dynasty of Pashe (also known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebuchadnezzar — king of Babylon (604 562 B.C.E.), from Heb. Nebhukhadhnetztzar, from Babylonian Nabu kudurri usur, probably lit. Nebo, protect the boundary …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nebuchadnezzar — [neb΄yə kədrez′ər, neb΄ə kədrez′ərneb΄yə kəd nez′ər, neb΄əkəd nez′ər] [ult. < Akkadian Nabū kudur uṣur] died 562 B.C.; king of Babylonia (605? 562), who conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, & deported many Jews into Babylonia (586 B.C. ) …   English World dictionary

  • nebuchadnezzar — [neb΄yə kəd nez′ər, neb΄əkəd nez′ər] n. [sometimes N ] Winemaking the largest type of wine bottle, esp. one for champagne, holding about 15 liters …   English World dictionary

  • Nebuchadnezzar —    In the Babylonian orthography Nabu kudur uzur, which means Nebo, protect the crown! or the frontiers. In an inscription he styles himself Nebo s favourite. He was the son and successor of Nabopolassar, who delivered Babylon from its dependence …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Nebuchadnezzar IV — Statue of Nebuchadnezzar IV Nebuchadnezzar IV, also known as Arakha, was the last king of Babylon. In 529 BC, with the disturbances that occurred after the death of Cambyses II and the proclamation of Bardiya as King, the Armenians revolted.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebuchadnezzar I — (reigned ca. 1124 1103 b.c.)    The fourth Babylonian king to rule his country after the fall of the Kassite dynasty in the mid twelfth century b.c. Nebuchadnezzar (or Nabu kudurru usur or Nebuchadrezzar) is best known for his two military… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

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